A Qualitative Exploration of Street Children Life in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the light of Urie Bronfenbrenner's Ecological Systems Theory

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Adnan Ashraf
Muhammad Ibrar
Faseeh Ullah

Abstract

The number of street children is increasing at alarming rate in the country. The several composite factors drive these children to the street life where they are confronted with the numerous threats. This study proposed to explore the root causes alongside the risks connected with street life. A qualitative study design was used to interview 50 street children from 5 hotspot sites of Peshawar, which includes Haji Camp Adda, Gulbahar, Karhano Market, University Town and Firdous Bazaar. This study is based on Urie Bronfenbrenner's ecological systems theory focusing on the quality and context of the child's environment. There are two types of street children available, on and off the Street children. The determinants included strict parenting style, orphan by father, large family size and backing family. The negative attitude of society, physical and sexual abuse, weather conditions, health and hygiene and long working hours are the high rank factors. Such the challenges and exposure adversely affect child personality and development. Constitution guaranteed basic rights of free and compulsory education and a dire need to provide a safe and protected environment with a comprehensive social rehabilitation and reintegration program for street children

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How to Cite
Adnan Ashraf, Muhammad Ibrar, & Faseeh Ullah. (2022). A Qualitative Exploration of Street Children Life in Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in the light of Urie Bronfenbrenner’s Ecological Systems Theory. Progressive Research Journal of Arts &Amp; Humanities (PRJAH), 4(1), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.51872/prjah.vol4.Iss1.177
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Author Biographies

Adnan Ashraf

PhD Scholar, Department of Social Work, University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Social Welfare Officer, Paraplegic Center Peshawar, Department of Health- Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.

Muhammad Ibrar

Assistant Professor, Department of Social work, University of Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

Faseeh Ullah

M.Phil Scholar, Department of Psychology Islamia College Peshawar, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa
Clinical Psychologist, Paraplegic Center Peshawar, Department of Health, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa