The Role of Religio-Political Parties in the Democratic Transition of Pakistan

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Ashique Hussain
Akhtar Hussain

Abstract

Religio-Political parties are an integral part of the politics of Pakistan. They have played a vital role in political mobilization, be it inside or outside the parliament, both during civilian and military rule. The military rulers of the country have never transferred power to the civilians, until a struggle for democracy has been made. That has led to compromise of transition from military to civilian governments. It mainly focuses on the role of Jamiat-iUlema-i Islam- (JUI) and Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan in the revival of people’s power in the country. It also aims to see how religio-political parties work to develop pressure on the rulers for democratic transition in Pakistan. Despite
diverse sectarian and political backgrounds, how the leadership of religiopolitical parties brought political parties on one junction against dictatorship. Furthermore study explains that how religio-political parties either
encouraged or discouraged the aspect of dynastic politics in Pakistan. Building and analyzing this argument in the dynamics of structural functionalism and role theory, the organizational structure of religio-political
parties is studied and evaluated to see connection in the role of JUI and JIP towards democratic transition.

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Author Biographies

Ashique Hussain

Department of History and Pakistan Studies, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan

Akhtar Hussain

Department of History and Pakistan Studies, International Islamic University Islamabad, Pakistan