Thar Desert and its Natural Resources: A Case Study of the District Tharparkar in Sindh Province of Pakistan

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Zahid H. Channa
Erum Khushnood Zahid
Mehwish Bhutto


The research study aims to display natural resources of Thar Desert area of
district Tharparkar in Sindh. It is being studied over the years that District
Tharparkar is totaled as a richest district in natural resources, such as coal,
granite, salt mines, china clay, livestock, range land forest and mushrooms.
The topography of the District 99% area covered in the desert which is known
as the part of Thar Desert. The Thar Desert existed into two countriesPakistan and India. The discovery of Thar Coal Reserves is one of the
significant developments in the history of Sindh province of Pakistan which
placed country at 7th among world top 12 richest coal reserves countries due
to its economic worth. On the basis of the previous studies; it is expected that
Thar coal reserves having the potential to solve the energy crisis of Pakistan.
The availability of granite is 26.05 billion tons found into 8 to 10 different
colors in the area of Nagarparkar. Moreover, China clay extracted at 12 to 14
different locations and around 2000 people employed in the different fields.
Thar Desert of Pakistan has around 120 salt lakes and around 400 laborers
were employed to harvest salt. The Rangeland forests in the desert area of the
district represents the main source of livelihood is livestock and the areas are
highlighted the most densely populated in livestock in Sindh province of

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Author Biographies

Zahid H. Channa

Department of Economics, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University, Shaheed Benazirabad, Sindh-Pakistan

Erum Khushnood Zahid

Department of Economics, University of Sindh, Jamshoro.

Mehwish Bhutto

Department of Economics, University of Sindh